Impact of Homophobia and Transphobia in sport on LGBTQ people
Researchers first identified the harm from homophobia and transphobia in sport in 1971, yet sport organizations have done little to stop this harm. More than a thousand studies and papers have been published over the last half-century.
There is now strong evidence that being the target of homophobic behavior, or even being exposed to words like ‘fag’ being used by others, is the primary risk factor for the high rates of suicide and self-harm by LGBTQ young people.
In more recent years, public health agencies have become alarmed by data from large-scale population studies which shows large disparities in sport participation rates, particularly between gay and bisexual boys and their peers. If these boys could play sports in a safe environment this would help to reduce their risk of suicide and self-harm.
Only 20% of LGB adolescents are ‘out to everyone’ on their team; those who do come out are more likely to be the target of homophobic behavior.
More than half of trans people say they have experienced direct or over exclusion and discrimination in sport
If LGBTQ youth are the target of homophobic behavior, or even just exposed, they are significantly more likely to attempt suicide.
Both boys and girls avoid sport due to discrimination, though straight girls also avoid some sports because they don’t want to be assumed lesbian
RESEARCH ARTICLES ON IMPACTS TO LGBTQ PEOPLE FROM DISCRIMINATION IN SPORT
Public health officials and scholars call for urgent action to address large disparities in sport participation rates between gay and bisexual boys and their peers Ground-breaking data by public health researchers at the University of British Columbia has found gay...
Studies conducted on three continents and in different sports find most male athletes have also heard teammates recently use homophobic slurs Key Takeaways Claims that homophobic language is rare whenever professional athletes such as Marcus Stoinis (above) are caught...
Most female rugby players in the UK and Canada say people automatically assume they are lesbians for playing the sport. The stigma and discrimination that girls and women experience when they play sports such as rugby, cricket, or ice hockey has been extensively...